Terrible earthquake with a strength of 8.9 on the Richter scale followed by tsunami rocked the country Sakura day Friday, March 11, 2011. It happened in broad daylight when Japanese citizens were busy doing activities. The earthquake centered 130 Km East of Sendai, Honshu or 373 Km southeast of Tokyo at a depth of 24 km and resulting tsunami that swept the Northeast coast of Japan.
As in infokan in the media, according to the Japan Meteorological Agency said the earthquake this time was recorded as the largest disaster and after 140 years. This disaster even beyond the big earthquake in Kanto, Honshu, on September 1, 1923. The 7.9-magnitude earthquake shocks that time, killing at least 140 residents in the Tokyo area, earthquake survival kit
Large earthquake in Japan occurred on January 17, 1995 that hit Kobe with magnitude 7.3 Magnitude. This earthquake claimed 43 thousand people are severely injured, 6,400 homeless, 7,500 buildings burned and 350 thousand in the evacuation (The Japan Journal, 2004). And trigger economic losses reached $ 100 billion. It is claimed that time as the most expensive natural disaster in history.
The earthquake had occurred on October 23, 2004 in Niigata, one of the provinces in Japan with a magnitude of 6.8 Mangnitude resulted in 7,100 homes were destroyed, 3,100 damaged public facilities and more than 100 thousand people in the evacuation. Gempa- small earthquakes has been a regular menu each time for the people in Japan because so often.
Learning from the earthquake that happened before, especially after the earthquake in Kobe, Japan has been working to prepare for an earthquake, various anticipation of calamity has been performed, the Japanese build the Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Center (DRI). This is a disaster and rehabilitation center in Kobe who took lessons from a devastating earthquake in Kobe.
Even Japan has the Disaster Management Ministry in the government system. This ministry has a budget of hundreds of billions to deal with and face an earthquake. Japan annually allocates 5 percent of the budget in particular that must be used to anticipate disaster.
Various anticipation of the earthquake do, from building tall buildings, offices and even homes with earthquake-proof building design. Additionally earthquake simulation conducted in offices, schools to each home environment.
Mental Japanese society has also been prepared to deal with it, to avoid panic during the earthquake that minimize casualties. Problems earthquakes entered the Japanese school curriculum, intended for school children in the country knows how to deal with the earthquake without excessive fear.
Small books that contain the earthquake emergency procedures in the form of images and text short, compact, attractive and easy to understand propagated. For example, in the book it is taught that the first step is to find the face of the earthquake survivors quietly under the table with a pillow over his head. It is intended to protect the head from possible falling objects when the earthquake struck.
Jump out of the building during the earthquake are considered more risky, especially when in a tall building. In the booklet was also explained about the tsunami. It is devoted to those who live near the beach. As soon as the earthquake first step should seek high ground. Tsunami usually come so quickly after the earthquake. Such a procedure has been ingrained for the Japanese society.
In addition the concept of evacuation and communications systems have been made, so that the Japanese people already know to run where during the earthquake. Modern earthquake evacuation route has been created, including making extensive gardens at every point of the city as a gathering point. The early warning system or Early Warning System has been installed everywhere.
Television will broadcast a warning less than two minutes after the earthquake. Evacuation in buildings made clear and every night at 15:00 to 15:15 routinely provide warnings regarding the procedures for the evacuation of high-rise building during an earthquake like the security procedures that we see if the plane described the cabin crew.
The disaster action system because the Japanese people live in areas that are prone to earthquakes, so that they are aware of the importance of preparing myself for every earthquake which often comes unexpectedly. So, when the big quake yesterday the Japanese people could still line up out of the building, something that probably will not happen in our country.
Even as the earthquake in Kobe in 1995 by Conan Ihzha Mahendra, who was living in Japan at that time he did not see any looting by the public, not even happen valorization by the shop owner to seek personal gains amid suffering of others. Such solidarity is already embedded in Japanese society. An action that we need to sample for us to apply in our country.
However, despite being so maximum efforts for disaster relief, back again in the power of God above all else. Terrible disaster and tsunami last Friday so terrible that Japan has the technological capability and readiness to face it looks helpless against the power of God. I can not imagine when the earthquake and tsunami in Jakarta, the victim may be more going on.
Recall, according to some experts more casualties occurred because the tsunami after the quake, which came so quickly and enormously so it is beyond human ability to be immediately a catastrophe, not because of the earthquake.
Therefore, the lessons learned from the case of the earthquake in Japan this is the first, as humans we are a God-given ability to think to always learn from experience what happened. For that we are in this case the government should learn from this incident. We’ve experienced a massive earthquake and tsunami incident in 2004 in Aceh. Indeed, after that we started to think and realize the importance of disaster mitigation to minimize casualties.
Various attempts have been made but we are known by the people forgetful, so it was some time after the disaster we would wake up and think but after that shortly we will fall asleep and forget. Again through this article, I was reminded disaster is beyond our will, so that we can do is maximize the anticipation effort to minimize the impact by building a disaster management system started before the disaster preparedness through mitigation system that with riset- research, exercises , establishing early warning systems, evacuation and communication, doing counseling about the disaster, making SOP-SOPs etc.
Then the handling during the disaster through emergency response procedures should be made permanent only too well applicable. Furthermore, post-disaster through disaster rehabilitation activities. It must really we prepare for our country is also prone to disasters.
Second, from Japan’s earthquake, we are reminded that the power of God above all else. Japan with technology that can be said to be the greatest at this time was not able to and have no power to face this disaster. By it, let us realize that we are weak so let us get closer to Him, we boast inappropriate because it is actually a weak man before God. He kaula wala Kuwata illah billahil aliyil adzim.